Step-by-Step Guide to Installing MySQL on Your System

Downloading the MySQL installer

MySQL Installer Download

If you’re new to using MySQL, installing the MySQL database server is the first step. And, the easiest way to install MySQL is to use the MySQL Installer available on the official MySQL website. The MySQL Installer is a small program that gives you access to all of the MySQL products that you need. This tutorial will show you how to download and install the MySQL Installer for Windows.

First, navigate to the MySQL website. On the download page, you will be able to find the MySQL Installer under the MySQL Community Edition section. Click on the “Download” button to start the download process.

Once the download is complete, navigate to the downloaded file on your computer and double-click on the file to launch the installation wizard. On the first screen of the wizard, you will see an introduction to the MySQL Installer. Click “Next” to proceed to the next screen.

On the next screen, you will be asked to choose whether you want to “Install MySQL Products” or “Download Products.” If you just want to install MySQL, select “Install MySQL Products.” If you need additional MySQL products like Workbench or Connector/ODBC, select “Download Products.” Once you have made your selection, click “Next.”

On the following screen, the wizard will check for the latest version of MySQL and other available updates. If any updates are available, the wizard will prompt you to download them. You can either choose to download the updates now or later. It is recommended to install the latest updates. Once you have selected your options, click “Next.”

The next screen will allow you to customize the installation settings. You can choose the MySQL products that you want to install. Also, you can choose the installation type (Complete, Custom, and Developer Default) and the installation folder. Once you have made your selections, click “Execute.”

The wizard will now start installing MySQL and other selected products on your system. Depending on your system configuration, this process may take several minutes. Once the installation is complete, click “Finish.”

You have successfully installed MySQL on your system using the MySQL Installer. You can now create a new MySQL server instance and start using it.

Overall, the MySQL Installer is an easy and convenient way to install and manage various MySQL products. It allows you to install different MySQL products using a single installation program. Moreover, the MySQL Installer automatically checks for new updates and installs them, and it allows you to customize the installation settings according to your needs.

Running the MySQL Installer

Running the MySQL Installer

MySQL is an open-source and free relational database management system that allows you to store and retrieve data efficiently. Many software applications and tools nowadays require MySQL as a component to function well, especially websites, which account for a significant percentage of the internet. For this reason, knowing how to install and configure MySQL is essential, and this article aims to provide you with a step-by-step guide to do so.

The installation process of MySQL is simple, and you don’t need any programming knowledge to perform it successfully. Before we begin, you need to ensure that you have the following requirements:

  • An operating system that supports MySQL, such as Microsoft Windows or Linux.
  • A downloaded copy of the MySQL installer.

Once you have these requirements fulfilled, follow the steps below:

Step 1: Double-click the MySQL Installer executable file

The first step to install MySQL is to run the MySQL Installer executable file that you previously downloaded and saved on your computer. This file usually has a .exe extension, and it is about 246MB. After you double-click the file, the MySQL Installer window pops up, as shown in the figure below.

MySQL Installer window

Step 2: Choose the Setup Type

The MySQL Installer offers two setup types: Developer Default and Server Only. The Developer Default option installs MySQL server and other development-related products, such as connectors and workbench. The Server Only option installs only the MySQL server.

If you are unsure of the type of setup you need, select the Developer Default, which is the recommended option for most users.

Let’s go with the Developer Default option in this tutorial. Click on it and then click Next.

Setup Type

Step 3: Select the MySQL Products to Install

The next screen displays a list of MySQL products that you can install. They include MySQL Server, Documentation, Workbench, Connectors, Shell, Router, and others. By default, MySQL Server is selected, but you can select any of the other products that you choose to install.

For a standard installation, select MySQL Server, Documentation, and Workbench, then click Next.

MySQL products

Step 4: Choose Installation Settings

In this step, you can choose the installation folder for the MySQL Server and configure the server settings. The default installation folder for MySQL Server is C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 8.0\. You can choose to install it in a different location, but it is best to stick to the default folder.

You can also configure the server settings such as the port to use, the character set, and the authentication method. The default port for MySQL Server is 3306, and the default authentication method is the legacy authentication method.

Unless you have a reason to change these settings, it is better to stick to the default settings. Click Next to proceed to the next step.

MySQL installation settings

Step 5: Check the Installation Status

After you have configured the settings, click the Execute button to begin the installation process. The MySQL Installer will display a progress bar that shows the percent completion of the installation. Depending on your computer’s speed, this process can take several minutes to complete.

Once the installation is complete, the MySQL Installer displays a status screen indicating the outcome of the installation. If everything went well, you should see a green checkmark next to each installed product.

MySQL installation status

You can click the Finish button to complete the installation process.

Step 6: Verify the MySQL Installation

To verify that MySQL is installed correctly, you can run the MySQL Workbench and connect to the MySQL Server.

  1. Open the MySQL Workbench
  2. Click the plus sign (+) in the MySQL Connections tab.
  3. Enter the connection details such as the server hostname, port number, and username.
  4. Click Connect.

If you can connect successfully to the MySQL Server, then the installation was successful.

In conclusion, installing MySQL is a straightforward process that takes less than 10 minutes to complete. By following the steps outlined in this tutorial, you should have your MySQL server up and running in no time.

Configuring MySQL server settings

MySQL server settings

After successfully installing MySQL server, you need to configure it to work according to your requirements. MySQL server settings can be configured through multiple tools, such as MySQL Workbench, command-line interface, or configuration files. In this article, we will cover the basics of configuring MySQL server settings using the command-line interface and configuration files.

Command-line interface

mysql command line interface

You can access MySQL command-line interface by typing “mysql” in your terminal or by launching the MySQL Command Line Client from the start menu. The command-line interface enables you to configure MySQL server settings by executing SQL statements or changing system variables.

To change a system variable using the command line interface, use the following format:

SET GLOBAL variable_name=variable_value;

For example, to change the maximum allowed packet size to 100MB, use the following command:

SET GLOBAL max_allowed_packet=100 * 1024 * 1024;

Alternatively, you can set a system variable permanently in the MySQL configuration file.

Configuration files

mysql configuration file

MySQL server settings are stored in configuration files which are read by the server on startup. The location of configuration files varies depending on your operating system and installation method. Common locations include “/etc/my.cnf”, “/etc/mysql/my.cnf”, or “C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.7\my.ini”.

The MySQL configuration file is a plain-text file that contains system variables in the format “variable_name=variable_value”. To set a system variable permanently, add the variable and its value to the configuration file. For example, to change the maximum allowed packet size to 100MB, add the following line to the configuration file:


You can also set server options in the configuration file, such as the default character set, logging options, or network settings. It’s important to note that changes made to the configuration file require a server restart to take effect.

When modifying the configuration file, make sure to create a backup copy of the original file in case of errors. Additionally, make sure to use the correct syntax and format for each system variable or server option.

In conclusion, configuring MySQL server settings is an important step after installing MySQL server. With the command-line interface and configuration files, you can set system variables and server options according to your requirements. Make sure to use the correct syntax and format when modifying the configuration file, and always keep a backup copy of the original file.

Creating a MySQL User Account

MySQL user account

MySQL User Account is a unique login identity created in the MySQL Database that allows you to connect and interact with the MySQL server. In order to create, modify, or access any database, you need to get authorized by the MySQL server, and that is where the need for a User Account arises. A MySQL User Account specifies a username and corresponding password, and once you have created a user account, you will need its credentials to get connected to the MySQL server and connect to a particular database.

Creating a MySQL User Account is a fairly simple process. The following steps will guide you through the process of creating a MySQL User Account:

Step 1: Access the MySQL Server

In order to create a new User Account, you must log in as the root user on the MySQL server. Typically, the root user has full access to execute any command on a MySQL server.

To log in as the root user on a MySQL server, use the following command:

mysql -u root -p

The MySQL command will prompt you to enter the root user’s password. Once you enter the correct password, you will be logged into the MySQL server as the root user.

Step 2: Create New User Account

After logging in as the root user, you need to create a new User Account. You can create the new User Account with the help of the following command in MySQL:

CREATE USER 'newuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

The create user command has a basic syntax that involves specifying a username and a password for a new User Account. In the above command, “newuser” is the username that you want to create, and “password” is the password you want to set for the new User Account. Also, ensure that you provide the user’s location, which in this case is “localhost.”

Step 3: Grant MySQL Permissions to User Account

Now that you have created the new User Account, you need to grant MySQL privileges to the User Account. Privileges in the MySQL server grant the User Account access to one or more databases, allowing the account to carry out specific operations on them. MySQL provides a command called “GRANT,” which is used to grant MySQL permissions to users:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON * . * TO 'newuser'@'localhost';

The above command grants all privileges to the newly created User Account on all databases in MySQL. Once you have granted permissions to the new user account, you need to run a flush command to ensure that the new privileges get applied:


Step 4: Verify the Newly Created User Account

After creating and granting privileges to the new User Account, you need to check whether the user account has been created successfully and the information you entered is correct.

You can use the following command to verify the newly created User Account:

SELECT user, host, password FROM mysql.user;

Once you run this command, you will be able to see the newly created user account in the output result.

Creating a MySQL user account is a necessary step that allows easy interaction with the MySQL server. There are specific steps to be followed to ensure the successful creation of a user account with sufficient privileges and access to the databases hosted on the server. By following the simple steps above, you can create and authorize a User Account to log in to MySQL and perform specified database operations with ease.

Testing MySQL installation and connection

Testing MySQL installation and connection

After installing MySQL, it’s important to ensure that it’s correctly installed and set up. This can be done through testing the MySQL installation and connection. In this section, we’ll discuss how to test both the MySQL installation and connection.

Testing the MySQL Installation

Before testing the installation, it’s necessary to ensure that MySQL server is running. This can be checked by running the following command on the terminal:

sudo systemctl status mysql

If it’s running correctly, you should see a message similar to the following:

active (running)

If the MySQL server isn’t running, it can be started with the following command:

sudo systemctl start mysql

Once the server is running, you can connect to it and test the installation. The following command can be used to connect to the MySQL server:

mysql -u root -p

The -u flag specifies the user (in this case, root), and the -p flag prompts for a password. If this is the first time you’re connecting to the server, you won’t have set a password yet, so you can just press enter when prompted.

If you’re able to connect successfully, you should see the MySQL prompt:


Now that you’re connected to the MySQL server, you can create a new database to test the installation:


If the database has been created successfully, you should see the following message:

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

Now, you can check if the test database has been created:


If the database has been created, you should see it in the list of databases:


| Database |


| information_schema |

| mysql |

| performance_schema |

| sys |

| test |


Testing the MySQL Connection

Once the MySQL server is running and the installation has been tested, you can test the MySQL connection to a specific database. To do this, create a new file with the following content:

$host = 'localhost';
$user = 'root';
$password = 'your_password';
$database_name = 'test';

$mysqli = new mysqli($host, $user, $password, $database_name);

if ($mysqli->connect_errno) {
    echo "Failed to connect to MySQL: " . $mysqli->connect_error;

echo "Connected to MySQL successfully!";

Replace ‘your_password’ with the root password you’ve set up when installing MySQL. Save the file as ‘test.php’. You can now test the MySQL connection by running the following command on the terminal:

php test.php

If the connection is successful, you should see the message “Connected to MySQL successfully!”

Testing the installation and connection is an important step to ensure that MySQL can be used reliably. If you encounter any issues while testing, consult the MySQL documentation or seek help from the MySQL community.

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